After entering into the Islamic
Fold or community by accepting the Faith (Eiman) as heart and
pronouncing the said Faith through verbal declaration Four
Fundamental modes of worship (Ibadat) become obligatory in every
Muslim. These are (1) The Salaat or Namaz, (2) Sayam (Fasting),
(3)Zakaat (Poor-rate) and (4) Hajj (Pilgrimage) to Holy Lord of
Mecca and Madina.
The Performance of Haj begins with the observance of the prescribed
process laid down in this behalf in letters and spirit the very
first essential part is to enter the Holy Land of Mecca by wearing
the Ahram (Un stitched) long piece of cloth (preferably cotton) form
the fixed places and on entering the inner limits of Khana-e-Kaaba
(also known as Haram Sharif) the intending pilgrim (Haji) must go
(at least seven times) round the Holy Kaaba, known as Tawaf (literal
meaning is going round and round) followed by the normal paced
running up and down between the famous hillocks of Safa and Merwa
(or Sa'ee) with these initial rituals being fulfilled the Hajis make
a compulsory stop over and stay at the Maidan-e-Arafat (near Mecca).
This is the most obligatory part and procedure of the Hajj. Further
details of these and other rituals and ceremonies shall be declare
in the following. The Deseriptim, so far only constitutes the
introduce to the great and more elaborate procedures and processes
As soon as a person becomes eligible for Hajj, it becomes obligatory
for him to undertake this pilgrimage at the first available
opportunity. A delay in the connection will amount to commit a run
and if he fails to discharge this obligator continuously for years,
he will be deemed a sinner (and liable to punishment) in the eyes of
Allah and his evidence will not be worth reliance. However there is
no Qaza (compensating an obligation -Farz- at a later date) at
whatever time he performs Hajj it will be adjudged as having been
performed in time (Ada).
Time for Hajj The time for Hajj is from the month of shawwal (10th
month of Hijri calender)till the 10th of Zil Hajj (the 12th and the
last month of Hijri calendar). Before shawwal and after 10th Zil
Hajj the Hajj is not permissible except Ahram which can be performed
before this, but this is makrooh.
Conditions for Hajj There are eight (8) conditions for the Hajj
which must be all present at the time of performing Hajj to make the
Hajj, Farz (obligatory). These conditions are:
(1) To be a Musalman.
(2) To be major in age(Baligh).
(3) Possessing normal sensibility (Aqal). Note Hajj is not Farz on a
person who is mentally deranged.
(4) To be independent or Free (not a slave)
(5) In good health to go to the Hajj and perform various rites etc
with fortitude. NOTE: Hajj is not obligatory on a handicapped
person, a blind and one whose legs have been WIMPUTED, or one who is
so old and DECEXPIT who is unable to sit a right on a carriage of
(6) He should possess enough resources and be capable to BEAR THE TO
AND FOR expenses of Hajj (it means that before proceeding for Hajj
he should leave sufficient money for the household expenses in his
absence after meeting all expenses such as travel ,transport, stay
at the Holy Places etc ; this means the money/resources left at home
should SUFFREE the expenses for a moderate clan of family, which he
used to support and eater for the needs of his own family and those
dependent on him for their essential necessities, known as
Hajjat-e-Asliyah which includes the living accommodation clothes of
normal use, servants, riding animals, vocational implements, cooking
and eating material, borrowings or dues such as loan or dowry.
(7) Time: Hajj shall become obligatory at such at time if before
proceeding for Hajj he possesses such amount of money that will
cover his expenses up to Mecca Moazzama and back to be there at the
time of Hajj.
PROBLEM:-For a lady traveler for Hajj if the time distance is
of 3 days or more then she must be accompanied by a *Mahram, whether
*Mahram:the man with whom the marriage of the woman is prohibited (Haram)
for ever, whether it may be on account of family line age (such as
father, son, uncle, brother) or an account of foster age (Raza-at
like foster brother, foster father, foster son) P.T.O.
she may be young or old, if the woman travels without any Mahram,
she will be committing an act against the law of the Shariat, but if
she performs the Hajj without Mahram, the Hajj will be an order and
the Farz will be fulfilled.
PROCEDURE OF HAJJ
On entering the Holy Land of Mecca and on coming near the *MEEQAT,
the intending pilgrim should perform Wazu (ablution) and Ghus'l
(Bath), apply perfume and put on the**Ahram, offer two rakats of
Nafil with the intent (Niyat) of Ahram and after this recited this
TRANSLATION:- O Allah! I desire to (perform) Hajj, so make it easy
for me and accept it from me; I have made intent (Niyat) for the
Hajj and have put on Ahram specially for Almighty Allah.
After this he must recite "Lab'baik in a loud voice (at least three
times at a stretch). The full Text of Lab'baik is this
After reciting Lab'baik, he
should recite Durood Shareef and read this prayer (Dua')
TRANSLATION:-"O Allah! I beseech Your Pleasure and the Paradise; and
I seek Your Refuge from Your Wrath and the Fire (of Hell)."
or it may be on account of relation based on in-law ties (Susrali)
like father in law, son of the husband etc).
*Meeqat:Meeqat is the place from where no person preceding to Mecca
Sharif should go without `Ahram'. These are five different places in
the vicinity of Haram Sharif (Holy Kaba). For persons of the
sub-continent of traveling by sea is YALAMOLAM beside the
mountain.This place comes through Kamraan and enter the ocean. When
the Port Jeddah comes within two or three mile posts (Manzil), the
crew of the ship shout loudly informing the people to put on the
**Ahram:Unstitched long piece of cloth, popularly known as `Tahband'
or `Tahmad' (long single piece of cloth worn round the waist, mostly
by men folk) and another piece of cloth of Chadar. The Tahband
should be worn in the normal way, while the chadar should be placed
in such a way that it covers both the shoulders, the back and the
PROBLEM:-While in a state of Ahram it is not permissible that
one wears a stitched cloth.(NOTE:This ends the foot note of the page
and carrier over as above. Other points of mentioned as foot note on
the page no.178 of the Book have been incorporate in the running
text, resumed here below)
Then moving forward he should recite Lab'baik loudly at least thrice
at a time on each occasion when he recites 'Lab'baik. The rehearsal
of Lab'baik should be repeated at every turn of movement while
offering prayer or changing states, almost incessantly while engaged
or disengaged in religious activities. In broad outlines, these
occasions are: except from while making Tawaf round the Holy Kaaba,
the invocation of Lab'baik should continued countlessly tell the
rite of `Rami Jumra' (stoning the devil satan), especially on
climbing and coming down the hills (or other elevated places of
movements in the Mecca Sharif), meeting of two caravans morning and
evening. Last part of the night and after each of the five
compulsory prayers; in short at every turn of events or movements in
prayers, with or without ablution. Men talk should recite Lab'baik
in a loud voice, but not so loud so as to disturb others, while the
women should recite the `Labbaik' in a soft voice.
This is the state of Ahram; one should avoid doing or committing a
things which are forbidden during the state of Ahram. All around
Mecca Sharif for many miles there are forests in which shrubs,
plants and trees grow, there are tracts green grass in scattered
spaces which are separated from one another by boundary walls.
Within these bounded tracks it is forbidden to pluck green grass,
cut down the mushroom grown trees or plants to tease the wild
animals grazing or living there. All this is haram. The safety and
regard for the animals of the Haram Sharif is that if a gazelle,
commonly known as deer be sitting under the shade of tree for rest
while there is unfenced hot and sun shine around, it is forbidden to
drive away the animal simply to take its place for shade and
comfort. If some one brings a wild animal within the limits of the
Haram Sharif, the same becomes sacred and it should be freed at
once. There are many untamed or wild pigeons in Mecca Moazzama.
These pigeons are also found living in domestic places, at times
scattering their refuse on the ground floor of the house. Whatever
their movements in and around the dwelling places, but its absolute
forbidden to tease the a drive away these pigeons. Some people
coming from nearby places do not have the affection for these
pigeons. This is undesirable, these poor creatures should be left to
themselves, they should not be teased or harassed out of ignorance
or dislike. It is worth considering that when the wild animals of
Mecca Mokarrama are given so much regard the worth are status of
human life and honor can be very well realized. All these things
which have been described here are not exclusive while one in a
state of Ahram; on the other these are general ever lasting
principle applicable in all conditions whether a persons is with
Ahram or otherwise.
Coming back to our main topic of Hajj when a person has gone on this
extremely sacred mission. When the intending pilgrim comes near the
Haram Sharif, he should proceed with due reverence and respect, head
bowed down and eyes fixed on the ground, which are the outward signs
of humanity and devotion. It is still more humble and respectful if
the persons walks barefoot, repeating the `Labbaik'and the one as
much as possible. When he approaches the Haram Sharif and his eyes
fall on the Mecca Moazzama (Khana Kaaba) he should pause for a
while; he should recite the following `Dua' at the first sight of
the Holy Kaba.
Allah! grant me comfort by (the blessing of) this, (The Sacred House
of Kaaba) and grant me subsistence and pure and clean livelihood in
this (Holy Place).
The Durood Sharif should also be recited as much as possible. It is
preferable that the man should enter the city after washing and
purifying himself with a bath and when he entered the
Jammat-ul-Mualla he should pray for the departed souls who are
buried these. After this, when he begins to enter the Mecca Sharif
he should recites this dua;
TRANSLATION:- O Allah! You are my Lord sustainer and I am
After going a little further ahead when he reaches Mud'aa he should
stop here and after waiting a little here, he should pray with
utmost humility and solemnity for the welfare and prosperity for
himself, his Kith and kin, friends and all the muslim ummah, the dua
should also include Divine mercy for forgiveness of sins and
admittance in the Paradise without accountability on the Day of
This is the moment of acceptance of prayers in the
Presence of Allah the Almighty. Recitation of Durood Sharif as much
as he can, is very effective at this place and on this occasion, he
must repeat "Allaho Akbar" and `La ila ha Ill llah' three times each
and recite the following prayer (in Arabic)
TRANSLATION:-"O Allah! Grant us beneficence in this world and
in the Hereafter and protect us form the punishment of the Fire (of
Hell). O Allah! I beseech You of the welfare which Your Prophet
Muhammad (Sallalla ho Alaihe wa Sallam) besought of You; and I seek
You Refuge from the Evil which Your Prophet Muhammad (Sallalla ho
Alaiha wa Sallam) sought Refuge form."
He should also recite this Dua;
He should also recite this comprehensive `dua' at least three times
at the place;
TRANSLATION:-"O Allah! This is Your House and I am Your
slave. I beseech You of forgiveness and security in the world and
the Hereafter for myself, my parents, and for all Momineen, men and
women, for Your slave Shamsuddin. O Allah! grant him victory, a
grand victory (Amin)".
He should then move forward and when he reaches Mecca Muazamma, he
should first of all enter the Masjid-e-Har'am, remembering Allah and
His Apostle all the time and praying for the success and prosperity
of all the Musalman, in the world and in the Hereafter. Reciting `Lab'baik'
he should approach Bab-us-Satam and kissing the threshold he must
put right foot forward and enter the Haram Sharif and recite this
Remember this dua by heard and whenever you happen to enter
Mashid-ul-Haram (or any other masjid), recite this dua or prayer;
and add the following phrases in this dua,
TRANSLATION:-"O Allah! You are Satam (security) and form You is
security- peace and the peace returns to Your presence (ultimately).
O our Lord! keep us alive with security and admit us in the Paradise
(Daras Satam - the Abode of peace). O our Lord! You are full of
Blessing and Highly Elevated, O the Lord with Grandeur and
Beneficence. O Allah! This is Your Haram and the Place of Your
peace. Forbid and deter the Fire for the Hell to on engulf my flesh,
my skin, my face, my blood, my brain and my bones. (Amin)
SKETCH OF KABA SHARIF
When the sight (eye) falls on the Kaaba Sharif, he should recite
"La' ila' ha Il lul la'ho, Wol Laho Akbar" three times, then the
Durood Sharif and this Dua'
He should start `Tawaf' (going round the Khana-e-Kaaba) in the Name
of Almighty Allah. The `Tawaf' in the fixed limits known as Mutafa
or the place of Tawaf should begin from the Hajar-e-Aswad in the way
that when approaches Hajar-e-Aswad, he should recite this prayer (dua),
TRANSLATION:-There is no god but Allah. The One, He made His
Promise True and He helped His (Apostle) servant (against the
infidels) and vanquished their forces. He is Absolutely One, He has
no Associate ( in His Godhood), The rule of the world belongs to
Him, all Praise is due to Him and He has Power (and Authority) over
Before starting Tawaf (going round) of the Kaaba Sharif he must
Then keeping his face at the Kaaba at the right side of the
Hajar-e-Aswad, he should stand by the Rukn-e-Yaman in such a way
that the full view of Hajar-e-Aswas remains at his right hand. Now
he must make the Niyat (intent) of the Tawaf saying.
("O Allah! I intend to make Tawaf of Your sacred House, so make it
easy for me and accept it from me.")
After the Niyat keeping the face towards the Kaaba, he should move
on the right side and when he reaches Hajar-e-Aswad, he should raise
his hands up to the ears and opening the palms towards Hajar-e-Aswad
he should recite
Now, if it is possible, he should try keeping his palms at the sides
of the Hajar-e-Aswad, to kiss the Hajar-e-Aswad in a soft
reverential manner without make sound of his kiss. He should do this
three times. If he succeeds to touch the Hajar-e-Aswad with his
lips, then he must regard himself a most fortunate that he is
blessed with the Divine favor to allow him to kiss the Hajar-e-Aswad
to which the lips of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa -Sallallaho
Alaihe Wa Sallam- had graced by their holy touch over 1400 years
ago. If on account the pressing such he can not succeed to kiss the
Hajar-e-Aswad, he should not resort to push and move others to
achieve his desire. If he can touch the Hajar-e-Aswad by the hands,
it is enough for him to touch the Hajar-e-Aswad, and then kiss his
own hands. If even this is not possible to touch the sacred stone on
account of rush then he should keep his open palms towards the
Hajar-e-Aswad and kiss then feeling at heart had he is kissing the
Hajar-e-Aswad. This process of kissing is known as ISTILAAM
(presenting and conveying the good wishes of salaam). At the time of
ISTILAAM, he should recite the following prayers (dua):
(" O Allah! Forgive me of my sins and purify my heart and expand my
breast and make easy my affair and give me protection and those whom
You gave protection").
Then he should recite,
(" O Allah! I affair my Eiman with You, and testify the Truth of
Your Book (The Holy Quran) and fulfill The Promise with You and obey
and follow the sunnat of Your Prophet Muhammad - Sallallaho Alaihe
Wa Sallam - and bear witness that there is no god but Allah The only
One, there is associate with Aim, and I bear witness that Muhammad (Sallahllaho
Alaihe Wa Sallam) Abid and apostle. I affirm my Eiman with Allah and
denounce (reject) the
and the Devil saying this he should proceed towards the door (exit)
of the Kaaba and while doing so when he has passed by
the Hajar-e-Aswad, he should stand erect and walk in such a way that
the Kaaba remains on his left hand. While walking he should not ease
inconvenience to any one, he should remain as close to the Kaaba as
possible, without touching the cover of the Kaaba by his body or the
clothes, when he comes in front of the MULTAZIM, he should recite
TRANSLATION:- O Allah! This House is Your House, and The
Sacred Place of Your Sacred Place, and The Peace of Your Peace and
this is Your Place of protection from the Fire (of Hell), so protect
me from the Fire (of Hell). O Allah! give me contentment with what
Your have provide me and grant blessing (and affluence) in it and I
pray in absence of those who are not present. There is no god but
Allah the One, there is none to associate Him, The governance of the
Universe belongs to Him, all Praise is due to Him, and He has Power
(and Authority) over every thing.
When he comes in front of the Rukn-e-Arafi, he should recite this
(O Allah! I seek Your refuge form prevarication (skepticism) and
infidelity (disbelief),and when he comes in front of
MEEZAAB-E-RAHMAT, he should recite the following dua,
(O Allah! Give me shade below the
Shade of Your Throne on the Day when there is no Shade except Your
shade and nothing shall survive except Your countenance and make me
drink from the Pond of Your Apostle Muhammad -Sallallaho Alaihe wa
Sallam- the sweet drink after which there shall be thirst for ever).
And when he reaches RUKN-E-SHAMI, he should recite the following
( O Allah! Make this as Hajj-e-Mabroor (Rule of Goodness and
Blessing) and the endeavor (worthy) of Thankfulness and the
trade/business where there is no loss O one Who Knows what is in the
heart (breast). Take me away from the darkness towards the Noor,
And when he comes to the RUKNE-E-YAMANI, he should touch it with
both hands or only the right hand, he may also kiss at if he so
desire; he should recite this prayer;
(O Allah! I beseech Your Forgiveness and Security in this world and
in the Hereafter).
Just ahead of the RUKNE-E-YAMANI there is mustajab. Here he may
recite the above mentioned dua or recite,
or he may only recite Durood Sharif.(NOTE: At this place or at all
those places where he prays for himself he may preferable recite
only Durood Sharif instead of other prayers/duas. Dua, Durood etc
should not be recited very loudly).
Now after turning round the aforesaid places he comes back to
Hajar-e-Aswad again. This is One Full Circuit. Even at this place he
must offer Istilam at the Hajar-e-Aswad. In this way he do six more
rounds or Tawaf of the Kaaba, to make the total circuits seven in
number. In the first three rounds he must also do `Ramal', when he
completes seven rounds, it means he has performed One Tawaf. This is
known as `Tawaf-e-Qudoom'. After Tawaf he should come to
Maqam-e-Ibrahim, here after reciting the verse; he should offer two
rakats of Namaz-e-Tawaf. This is Wajib.
In the first rakat of Namaz-e-Tawaf he should recite
and in the second rakat
After the Namaz-e-Tawaf he may recite the following `dua' which is
mentioned in the Hadees;
( O Allah! You know my secrets and open apparent things of mine,
therefore accept my excuse You know my needs therefore grant my
requests (baggings); You know what is in my self, so forgive my
sins. O Allah! I beg you of Eiman (asa) pleasure of my heart and the
true certainly. You know only that will befall me what You have
written (ordained) for me and make my livelihood (subsistence) as a
means of contentment for me what You have apportioned
for me O the most merciful of the merciful ones).
Now after Namaz and dua he should go to the Multazim and embrace the
Multazim near the Hajar-e-Aswad place. The chest and both the cheeks
on the Multazim, spread both his arms raising over the head and
testing on the wall or put the right hand at the side of the door of
the Kaaba and the left hand stretched towards the Hajar-e-Aswad and
recite this dua;
after embracing Multazim, he should come to well of Zamzam. If it
possible, he should draw one bucket of water from the well of Zamzam
himself, otherwise he may get the water from some other person and
keeping his face towards he should drink Zamzam as much as he can in
three breaths, in standing posture. Every fresh drink he should
begin with `Bismillah' and finish with `Alhamdo Lillah' keeping has
eyes each time on the Kaaba or at least have a glance at it. The
remaining water he may pour on his body or wash his hands, face and
continue reciting `dua' while engaged in this process. The Holy
Prophet (Allah's grace and peace be upon him) has said that `dua' at
this time is accepted in the Presence of Almighty Allah. He has also
said that the Zamzam is a cure for any ailment when it is sought
with due faith in it. The dua prescribed at this moment is this;
(O Allah! I beseech You The Knowledge which is Beneficial, the
subsistence which is vast (abundant) and the Deed which is worth
acceptance (and reward) and The Cure for all diseases (ailments) or
the all embracing due quoted earlier). It is also blissful to look
into the Well of Zamzam from above the ground it also removes,
removes rancor and hyperisy from the heart.
Now, if he is not tired and willing to engage himself for the Sa'ee
literally meaning endeavor or attempt but in the context of Hajj it
is a ritual which is undertaken by way of brisk walking or balanced
running on the hills of Safa and Marwa. Before proceeding for the
Sa'ee he should come to the Hajar-e-Aswad kiss it if he can manage
otherwise keeping the face to it he should recite "Allaho Akbar Wa
Laila ha Il lul Lah Wal Hamdo Lillah"
and repeating the Durood Sharif he must move to the Hill of Safa
passing through the Gate of Safa (while coming from the door of
masjid he should first take the left foot out and while using shoes
or any footwear) put in the right foot first. This is the procedure
to he followed always and at all places while coming out from the
masjid, rehearsing the usual due.
Remembering Allah and reciting Durood Sharif he should climb the
first stairs and stay thee for a moment and before raising foot for
the second stair, he should recite;
Then turning his face towards Kaba, raising both his hands upto
his shoulders and stretching them (hands) apart, he should pause
there for such a length of time which wowed take rehearsing 35
verses of the Surah Baqarah, repeating durood, tasbeeh, tahleel
(Kalama-e-Tayyebat), he should pray for one's own self, his parents,
friends kith and kin and the Ummate Muslimah. This is the place and
occasion when prayers are heard and granted by the Divine Grace.
After the Dua he should make niyat (intent) for the Sa'ee. The Niyat
for the sa'ee is this:
(O Allah! I intend doing Sa'ee between Safa and Marwah, so make it
easy for me and accept it from me).Then coming down from the Safa,
he should more towards Marwa reciting verses and Durood and he
covers the distance of the first mile, he should start running and
continue running a little beyond the second mile, then walk slowly
and reciting rites without stopping should go upto Marwa and here
climbing the first step signifies going up the Merwa, but he should
not recline against the wall (which is the practice of the ignorant
people). Here on account of new structures the view of Kaba is not
possible, yet the face should he towards Kaba, repeating and
reciting rites prayers (dua) Durood Sharif as usual. This completes
the first round of the Sa'ee.
From here he should again move to Safa will all the rituals and
recitals as in the first instance, when he reaches the mile of Marwa
he should start running till he passes the Mile of Safa, he should
then slow down and climb the Safa. This completes the second round.
Similarly again from Merwa to Safa, this is the fourth round. In
this way he should complete the fifth, the sixth and the seventh
rounds. This Endeavor (running) is known as Sa'ee, starting from
Safa and ending at Marwa. In between tow miles there shall be seven
After the Saee he should stay at Mecca till the 8th of Zil-Hajj and
continue reciting `Labbaik' in a simple manner without ISTABA,
Ramial or Sa'ee and on completion of every seventh round (of Tawaf)
he should two Rakats of Nafil at Maqam-e-Ibrahim on the seventh when
the Imam delivers sermon (Khutba) after Zohar he should attend and
listen to it. On the eight (8th) after the sun-rise he should move
from Mecca to Mina, reciting Labbaik, Durood
dua through out the way. When Mina comes to sight, he should recite
(O Allah! This is Mina so grant me the favor of grace and peace with
which You have favored Your Friends. After reaching Mina he should
stay here for the night. From this day at Zohar till the morning of
10th he should all the prayers at Mina, alongwith Durood and other
rites (Azkaar, Dua etc) At the break if down in
*: Here also the hands should be kept in the same as they are kept
after in the Namaz, that is the palms should be towards the sky,
hand outstretched right in front of the breast. Nothing
against this as some persons doing Tawaf are seen doing this.
the 9th, he should offer the Fajar Prayer, busying himself
thereafter in Durood etc like the sun shines on the hillock of
Shaheer where at he should move to Arafat, reciting once again `Labbaik',
Durood other rite on the way. As soon as Jabal-e-Rahmat appears he
should increase the recitals (Labbaik, Durood, Dua) because this is
the place and occasion of the acceptance of prayers.
On reaching Arafat he must no cause inconvenience to any one and sit
at the place which he gets, except that he should sit at a place
which is not the passage for others to move along. At noon he should
take bath, it is Sunnate Muakkidah. If the bath is not possible,
Wazu or ablution will be enough. As soon as the sun declines the
Zenith, he must go to Masjid-e-Namrah and after offering sunnat
prayer he should listen to the Khutba (Sermon) delivered by the Imam
and offer the Zohar prayers behind the Imam. Immediately thereafter
the Takbeer for the Asr prayer will be announced which prayer should
be offered behind the Imam. There is no question of indulging in
personal or other matters in between Zohar and Asr which is the
period of intense devotion in hearty recitiors of Durood, dua or
other prayers. There is no nafil or sunnat after Asr.
Immediately after the Asr prayers, he must hurry to the place of
stay `Mauqif' where it is ordained that the pilgrims should proffer
supplication to Allah alongwith Durood, Dua and other rites. On this
day, staying at Mauqif and keeping oneself in prayers is the essence
and spirit of the Hajj, which should continue after the Asr till
sunset. It is also one of the cardinal part (ritual or Ruk'n) of the
PROBLEM:- The time for Wuqoof is from the decline of the sun
on the 9th Zil Hajj till the morning of 10th. If any one makes
wuqoof at a time other than this, he will not gain the reward of the
Hajj, unless it the wuqoof at other time is on account of difference
He should go to MUZDALFAH immediately after the sunset in the
company of the Imam. If the Imam delays his departures, the pilgrim
should not wait for him and reach MUZDALFAH, reciting Labbaik, dua
and Durood throughout the journey. If possible, he should with brisk
paces. He may also avail any model of conveyance or transport. But
he must down the transport as soon as MUZDALFAH comes to sight and
cover the remaining distance on foot, Beller still is that he should
enter MUZDALFAH after a bath (or Wazu). On entering MUZDALFAH he
should recite the dua;
(O Allah! This is (the Place of) Gathering (of Ummah), so I beseech
You the Forgiveness and security in the World and the Hereafter).
After reaching here he should a light, a little away from
Jabal-e-Quzah (or Wherever inconvient). Here he should offer the
combined Prayers of Maghrib and Isha, even if the time of Maghrib
prayer has passed; both these prayers shall be offered as regular
prayers (not Qaza, but `Ada' or in time) will clear Niyats for both.
First the Farz of Maghrib, then immediately after the Farz of Asha,
then the sunnat (prayers) of maghrib and Isha, then the wits of
After these Namaz (prayers) the rest of the night should be spent in
Durood, Dua and Zikro Tasbeeh, because this is the most auspicious
time and the most auspicious place for the acceptance of prayers in
the Divine Presence.
The Morning Prayer (Namaz-e-Fajr_ should be offered at the early
hours after the break of down when it is still dark (because the
sun-rise is at least and hour later). After the Namaz-e-Fajr there
is another Wuqoof preferably on the hills of Mash'aril Haraam it
self or wherever the place is available down the skirt of the hill
or the valley or any other place at the Muhassar. This wuqoof is
similar to the wuqoot at Arafat, keeping oneself in constant
recitation of Labbaik, Durood and Dua. The time of this wuqoof is
from the break of the morning till is bright after the sun-rise. One
who does not come here at this hour, he misses the Wuqoof.
Now when it is still for offering two rakats of namaz, he should go
to Mina in the company of the Imam. At this place he should pick up
seven small stones of the size of the date-seed, wash them three
time and keep them in his pockets. Through out the way he must
continue reciting `Labbaik, Durood and*Dua'.
PROBLEM:-At Arfat there is one Azan and two Takbeers of
Iqamat (arranging rows people for offering the salat or namaz) for
the salats of Zohar and Asr, while at MUZDALFAH there is one Azan
and one Takbeer (Iqamat) for Maghrib and Isha.
When he reaches the valley of
Muhassar he should pass by very briskly, reciting this dua;
(O Allah! Do not Kill us with Your wrath and do not destroy us by
Your affliction and grant us security before this).
When Mina comes to sight, he should recite this dua (which has
already been quoted above)
(O Allah! This is Mina so grant me the Favor of Grace and peace
with which You have Favoured Your Friends).
On reaching Mina, before doing anything else, he must first
go to JAMRATUL AQABAH. He should stand at least 5 to 6 feet away
*: He should also recite this dua;
O Allah! Unto You I and I feel fear of Your Punishment and unto You
I come back and I feel fright so accept my sacrifice and magnify my
reward and have mercy at my humility and accept my repentance and
grant my prayers.
from Jamra in such a way that he is at the central place (or in
between) the Mecca Muazzama and the first Nala in the drain pipe and
by holding a stone in his fore finger and the thumb and raising his
arm high enough so that the while of the arm pit become visible
throw the stone (at the Jamra, commonly known as Satan or Shaitan)
while reciting the following dua;
(In the Name of Allah, Great is Allah, I strike Shaitan to please
Rehman (the Most Beneficent). O Allah! make this as the Hajj-e-Mabroor
and the Endeavor of Thankfulness and the Forgiveness of sins)
It is better that the stones strike of 3, 4 feet from the
1Jamrah. If the distance of the fall of the stone is move than this,
it is not to be counted. In this way he must throw seven stone
pieces, one by one. He should stop reciting `Labbaik' at the strike
of the very first stone. When he finishes 2Rami (stoning the satan)
he should not stay there any longer. He must return at once,
reciting dua and rites.
After the Rami comes the stage of 3Sacrifice (Qurbani). Which he
must perform. After this he must pray to Almighty Allah for the
acceptances of Hajj by himself and those from all the muslims who
have fulfilled the obligations in this behalf.
After the sacrifice, he should sit facing the Qibla (Kaba) and have
his entire shaven (known as HALQ) or trim the hair (as he may
desire), but shaving the head is more beneficial and blissful. But
shaving of head is forbidden (Haram) for the women, they may just
have their hair cut short by an inch or two. The cut shaven or
trimmed hair should be buried, similarly thing which are usually
removed from the person such as nail etc. should also be buried.
Here he must take care not to clip the nail or shave the beard or
most ache before the Halq (sharing of
head). Otherwise dam will become hinding. (Dam stands for an
expiatory sacrifice of an animal for any lapse in the obligatory
rites etc). However, there is no expiation or dam for shaving the
beard and trimming the mostache after the shaving of head. Rather it
mustahab or desirable, yet shaving/shortening of beard should is not
he done as a respect for the beard in Islam while shaving the head (HALQ)
first the hair on the right side should be cut, reciting "Allaho
Akbar, Allaho Akbar Lailaha il lal Laho Wallho
1Jamrah:In between Mecca and Mina there are three pillars known as
Jamrah. The one which is near Mina is called`Jmarah the First (OOLA)
the central one is known as Jamra Wasta (center) and the last one
which is nearer Mecca is called Jamrat ul Aqabah.
2Rami: The time for Rami is form the 10th morning to the morning of
the 11th Zil Hij. However the sunnat is after the sunrise till the
3Sacrifice:This is not the Qurbani which is performed on the
occasion of Baqrid. IT is by way of Thanks going on account of Haji.
It is compulsory for the rich and Mustahab for the poor.
Akbar, Allaho Akbra,wa lil lahil Hamd.
often times during the Halq and also at the end, while having the
head shaver this dua may also be recited,
(All praise is due to Allah on what he guided us and send reward to
us and allowed us to fulfill the rites (etc). O Allah! This forehead
of mine is in Your Hand, so make all my hairs a Noor (Divine Light)
on the Day of Judgement, and remove evils from me and as a reward of
it elevate my status in the lofty Paradise. O Allah! bless me in my
self and accept (endeavors) of mine.
O Allah! forgive me and those who have shaven their heads and
trimmed their hairs, O with Vast Forgiveness).
And pray forgiveness for the entire Ummah. Now all things which were
forbidden on account of Ahram, now become permissible except
intercourse with wife (and lawful maid servants) to touch or look as
them in a luscious manner or their private parts which are still
haram or strictly un lawful.
Now after the hair-cut, it is better to reach Mecca on the 10th. For
the Faze (obligatory) Tawaf, this Tawaf is the second rukn (ritual
Obligation) of the Hajj. This Tawaf will be like the Tawaf of the
first occasion, but ow there shall be no ISTABAA. After this two
Rakats should be offered. Now the wives become permissible or all
the essential processes have been fulfilled, declaring the
completion of Hajj. This means that the Two main Arakan (plural of
rukn, the essential part of performance) namely Woqoof and Tawaf
have been accomplished.
But he has to turn to Mina to spend the 11th and 12th nights, it is
sunnat, as it is sunnat to stay here during the 10th night. On the
11th after the Zohar prayer and the Khutba (sermon) of the Imam he
should go for Rami. In these days, the Rami should begin with JAMRAH
the First which is near the Masjid KHEEF. For this Rami he should
come by climbing the mounds at Mecca and facing Qibla he should
throw of stones as he has done in the First Rami on the 10th. After
the 7th stone he should move a little of the Jumrah and facing Kaba
he should raise hands for the prayers (dua) in a manner that the
palms remain towards the Qibla and stay there for a time which may
be needed for reciting twenty verses of the Holy Quran reciting
praise to Allah (Hamd,) Durood and other dua.
Then he should move the central Jumrah or Jumrah Wasta for rami, dua
and durood as before. Then finally he should go to the Jumrat ul
Aqaba for rami, but he should not stay there, rather return promptly
reciting Durood, Dua etc on the way on the 12th. Then on the 12th he
should do Rami on the three *Jumrah and start
*PROBLEM:- For Rami, tees than seven stone pieces in not (P.T.O)
for Mecca to reach there before on the sun set. He may return, if he
desires, on the 13th. If he does so he will have to do Rami on that
(13th) day after the decline of sun (Zawal-e-Aftab). This is more
bliss full. On the last day on the 12th or 13th when he returns from
Mina on way to Mecca, he should get down from the carriage/animal at
WADI MUHASSAB, which is situated near JANNAT UL MUALLA, (or without
alighting) he should stay there for some time and pray for the
departed souls. However it is more blissful if he stays here till
Isha and offer all the prayers (Salat or Namaz) at He may have short
sleep here, where after he should enter Mecca.
From 13th onwards he may at Mecca for as long as he desires,
performing Umrah(s) and visiting Holy Places during his stay. When
he wishes to leave Mecca he should do the Tawaf-e-Wida (Farewell)
without Ramal. Farz Tawaf is also known as Tawaf-e-Ziarat and as
well as Tawaf-e-Afazah.
PROBLEM:- The most suitable time for shaving the head or hair
cut is the period known as Ayyam-e-Nah (Days of sacrifices) which
means 10th, 11th and 12th of Zil Hajj, the most auspicious day is
the 10th, if he does not have the hair cut by the 12th, then Dam
will become necessary.
This Tawaf-e-Wida is compulsory for those coming from other places.
After the Tawaf he should offer two rakat of Nafil, as usual, at
Maqame-e-Ibrahim are drink water at the Zamzam well and pour it on
his person. Then he should stand at the threshold of the Kaba, kiss
it by way of respect and reverence and offer thanks to the
Providence for enable him to perform Hajj and pray its acceptance
expressing at the same time his desire to enable him to come and
perform the pilgrimage again and again. His dua should all inclusive
and for all. Or he may recite this prayer;
(The Beggar has come at Your door-steps, he begs Your Blessing and
belief-full knowledge of You and entertains hope of Your Mercy (O
Then he should come to MULTAZIM and holding the covering (ghilaf) of
Kaaba and embracing it he should recite Zikr (remembrance of Allah),
Durood and dua as much as he can and before departing he should
recite comprehensive dua;
(All Praise id due to Allah Who guided unto this and we were not
able to guide ourselves unless Allah guided us. O Allah! grant us
permissible. If he uses only three stones or does not use any stone
at all, a penance by way of Dam will be necessary. If he uses only
stones, then for each remains he will have to offer Sadaqah.
PROBLEM:- To pick up stones from near about Jumra, is Makrooh
guidance as You have guided us for this and accept it as (endea
vour) from us and do not make this as the last promise (to visit)
for Your Sacred House (Bait il Haram) and grant me subsistence to
return to it (again and again) so long as You are pleased, In the
Name of Your Mercy, O the most Merciful of those who show mercy. And
all Praise is due for Allah the Lord sustainer of (all) the worlds
and Peace and grace of Allah be on Muhammad (peace be upon him) and
his kin and his companions).
Then kiss the Hajar-e-Aswad and recite this invocation (dua) with
all humility in heart and tears in the eyes;
(O Allah! the Provider of Felicity in His Land, I state witness (or
give evidence) of You (Your Favors) and Allah is Sufficient as
Witness. I give evidence (stand witness) by (the Faith) that there
in no god but Allah and I also give evidence (asa witness) that
Muhammad id The Apostle of Allah and I shall repeat and proclaim
this evidence in the Presence of Allah the Most Dignified in the Day
of Judgment, the Day of greatest mental distraction. O Allah I stand
witness in Your (Your Name) on this (matter) and His great Angels
state witness by this (truth). And Allah Peace and grace be on our
Master and Chief (saiyad) Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him) and an
progeny and companions all together).
Then retracing steps with and turning back towards Kaaba and should
the pricients through the door of Masjid-e-Haram by placing the left
foot our and reciting the usual dua is prescribed while leaving the
masjid (at any place). It is better to come out through Bab ul
Hazawarah (Note: while leaving the bidding farewell (Wide) to Kaaba
Sharif on can also walk straight out of the
Masjid but he must bear the pangs of separation in his heart which
he can express by turning face to Kaaba again and again which pacing
out). Women in an unclean state due to Haiz (menstruation) and Nifas
(Bleeding on account of child birth) must not go in, they should
wait outside and last eyes of sadness and grief on the Kaaba as
expressions of separation.
After coming out on the open he must distribute alms and charity
among the beggars and destitutes who beg for help. Now his stay and
fulfillment of Hajj obligatours are over. He has now to make
preparations for journey to Madena ul Rasool Sallallaho Alaihe Wa
Among the details mentioned in connection with the performance of
Hajj, some aspects are Farz, and some are Wajib, while some are
sunnat. If anything among the Farz is omitted by passed (for any
reasons) then the Hajj itself is rendered invalid. If any Wajih is
left over, the Hajj as a whole will not be affected but it will he
incomplete and the DAM (sacrifice permitance) will become essential
and the loss of sunnat will reduce the sawab (award) to some extent.
The following things are Farz (compulsory) in the Hajj.
2. Wuqoof-e-Arafah (stay at Arafat). Which (latter) means that in
between the time from the decline of the sun in the 9th ZilHaj
till the down of 10th, one must stay at the Arafat.
3. Tawaf: Ziarat's greater part or minimum found circuitous (phera)
round should be spent in Tawaf.
4. Niyat or intent (details have gone earlier) by words of mouth.
5. Tarteeb (in serial order), performance of different
ceremonies\ritual in the ordained manner. It means the first of all
Ahram should be put on as without Ahram no Hajj (or Ummrah) is
neither possible nor permissible, then wuqoof at Arafat, then
6. To perform all Farz strictly at the prescribed time limit (i.e.
wuqoof, between 9th afternoon and 10th before the break down and
Tawaf Ziarat after the wuqoof.
7. Place or Site: Wuqoof on the plains of Arafat (or adjourning
areas in case of over crowding), Tawaf with the limits of Khana
In Hajj following things are wajib.
1. To put on Ahram form any of the prescribed Meeqats. One should
move ahead of Meeqat without Ahram. It is however permissible if any
one puts on Ahram before arriving at Meeqat.
2. Sa'ee (running between Safa and Marwa).
3. To begin Sa'ee from Safa.
4. To perform sa'ee on foot.
5. To do Tawaf before proceeding for Sa'ee.
6. If Arafa (staying at Arafat) is done during the day time, then he
must stay there till the sun set and come darkness of night becomes
7. It is wajib to begin wuqoof after the decline of sun at any part
of the day.
8. To follow Imam on return from Arafat. However if the Imam for
reason is late leaving Arafat, the pilgrim can start early.
9. To stay at Muzdalfah and offer Maghrib and Isha combined at
10. Rami: To strike Jumrah on 10th, 11th and 12th which means on the
10th only at Jumratul Aqaba and strike stones on all three Jumrah,
on 11th and 12th.
11. Rami at Jumrah Aqaba on the first Day (10th) before the hair
12. To do rami on all days at the same time of each day.
13. Hair cut (shaving of head) or shortening the hair on the Days of
14. Greats part of the Tawaf-e-Afaza in Days of sacrifice (Ayyam-e-Nahr).
15. Tawaf after the Hateem by the right side, which means that Kaaba
should be on left side of the man doing Tawaf.
16. To do Tawaf on foot.
17. While doing Tawaf one should he with wazu or ghus'l (ablution or
bath). If he is without wazu or bath, he must start Tawaf afresh.
18. To keep the shame parts of the body hidden while doing Tawaf.
19. To offer two rakats of Namaz after the Tawaf. This is wajib but
if not done, Dam will not be necessary, while for other wajib
referred to above and those follow, dam is essential if any of these
wajibs is omitted.
20. There should order in Rami slaughtering the animal and Halq
(head shave) and Tawaf one after the other.
21. TAWAF-E-SADR or the Farewell (Wida) for all those who live
beyond the territories of Meeqat.
22. Ladies who are in Menses or in uncleanliness should wait till
are purified. However in case of travel by caravan the affected can
leave with the Tawaf-e-Wida in that state if the scheduled departure
of the caravan is announced.
23. There should be no cohabiting with wife after the Woquf-e-Arafa
and before the hair cut, (Note: If during the Tawaf the shame parts
become open, the Dam shall become binding.
In addition to these wajibs there are some more wajibs on the
omission of which `dam' does not become binding. These are: (a) on
account of some ailment etc not to have hair shave.
(b) not to delay the Namaze Maghrib till the time of Isha so that
there be offered combinedly.
The following are sunnat
1. Tawaf-e-Qudoom (the First Tawaf which a non-resident of Arabia).
2. To begins Tawaf From the Hajar-e-Aswad.
3. To do ramal in Tawafe Qudoom or Tawafe Farz.
4. Sa'ee between the Safa and Marwa.
5. Delivering khutba by the Imam on these dates namely on the 7th in
Mecca, on the 9th at Arafat and on the 11th in Mina.
6. To depart from Mecca after Fajr prayer, on the 8th, so that all
the five prayers (namaz) could be offered at Mina.
7. To spend the night of 9th at Mina.
8. To proceed from Mina to Arafat after the sunrise
9. To have bath prior to going to Arafat for wuqoof.
10. To stay at Muzdalfa after the return from Arafat.
11. To start from Muzdalfa on way to Mina before the sun-rise.
12. To spend both the night of 10th and 11th at Mina.
13. If one stays at Mina till 13th then he should also stay in Mina
in the night past the 12th.
14. To alight or stay at the ABTAH in the valley of Muhassab, even
if it be for a short while (There are other aspects of sunnat which
we mentioned in the section titled procedure/Method).